Silhouettes of 3 people playing in a wave in the sea

Publications (Previous Version)

We have included primarily peer-reviewed publications and reports to which we have contributed our expertise as healthcare professionals emphasizing the links between healthcare, oceans and human health.

  • Fleming LE, Landrigan PJ, Gerwick W, Heymans JJ, Hicks CC, Morrissey K, White MP, Alcantara-Creencia L, Alexander KA, Ashford OS, Astell-Burt T, Berlinck RGS, Cohen PJ, Hixson R, Islam MM, Iwasaki A, Praptiwi RA, Raps H, Remy JY, Sowman G, Swift A, Ternon E, Thiele T, Thilsted SH, Whitman EM. How can a healthy ocean improve human health and enhance wellbeing on a rapidly changing planet?. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute (WRI). 2024.
  • Garside R, Husk K, Sowman G, Chapman E. Nature prescribing. BMJ 2023; 383:2745  
  • Fleming L, Creencia LA, Gerwick WH, Goh HC, Gribble MO, Maycock B, Solo-Gabriele H, editors: Oceans and Human Health: Opportunities and Impacts, second edition. Cambridge: Academic Press, 2023.
  • Hixson R, Sowman G. Ensuring the oceans have a voice. BMJ Leader July 2023 
  • Landrigan PJ, Raps H, Cropper M, Bald C, Brunner M, Canonizado EM, Charles D, Chiles TC, Donohue MJ, Enck J, Fenichel P, Fleming LE, Ferrier-Pages C, Fordham R, Gozt A, Griffin C, Hahn ME, Haryanto B, Hixson R, Ianelli H, James BD, Kumar P, Laborde A, Law KL, Martin K, Mu J, Mulders Y, Mustapha A, Niu J, Pahl S, Park Y,  Pedrotti M-L, Pitt JA, Ruchirawat M, Seewoo BJ, Spring M, Stegeman JJ, Suk W, Symeonides C, Takada H, Thompson RC, Vicini A, Wang Z, Whitman E, Wirth D, Wolff M, Yousuf AK, Dunlop S. The Minderoo-Monaco Commission on Plastics and Human Health. Annals of Global Health. 2023;89(1):23:1–215. DOI:  
  • Landrigan PJ, Stegeman JJ, Fleming LE, Allemand D, Anderson DM, Backer LC, Brucker-Davis F, Chevalier N, Corra L, Czerucka D, Bottein M-YD, Demeneix B, Depledge M, Deheyn DD, Dorman CJ, Fénichel P, Fisher S, Gaill F, Galgani F, Gaze WH, Giuliano L, Grandjean P, Hahn ME, Hamdoun A, Hess P, Judson B, Laborde A, McGlade J, Mu J, Mustapha A, Neira M, Noble RT, Pedrotti ML, Reddy C, Rocklöv J, Scharler UM, Shanmugam H, Taghian G, van de Water JAJM, Vezzulli L, Weihe P, Zeka A, Raps H, Rampal P. Human Health and Ocean Pollution. Annals of Global Health. 2020; 86(1): 151, 1–64. DOI:
  • Thornber K, Adshead F, Hixson R et al. First, do no harm: time for a systems approach to address the problem of health-care-derived pharmaceutical pollution. Lancet Planetary Health, December 2022.
  • Fleming LE, Depledge M, Bouley T, Britton E, Dupont S, Eatock C, Garside R, Heymans JJ, Kellett P, Lloret J, Maycock B, Pahl S, Philippart CJM, Roberts BR, Thiele T, White MP, Wuijts S. The ocean decade—opportunities for oceans and human health programs to contribute to public health. Am J Public Health. 2021;111(5):e1–e4. DOI:
  • White MP, Elliott LR, Gascon M, Roberts B, Fleming LE. Blue space, health and well-being: A narrative overview and synthesis of potential benefits. Environmental Research 22 September 2020, 110169
  • Depledge MH, White MP, Maycock B, Fleming LE. Time and tide: Our future health and wellbeing depend on the oceans. BMJ 2019;366:l4671 https://doi:10.1136/bmj.l4671  
  • Fleming LE, Maycock B, White MP, Depledge MH. Fostering human health through ocean sustainability in the 21st century. People Nature. 2019;00:1–8.